Carrot crops such as soil containing plenty of humus and loose with acidity pH 5.5-6.5. Tillage cultivation of carrots The land for planting the carrots should be ploughed or dug as deep as 40 cm. This is particularly important given the depth of the carrot plant will be harvested tubers. Loose soil provide the flexibility for the tubers grow perfectly. Cultivation of carrots on the structure of the hard ground will inhibit the growth of tubers. The shape of the bulb into the short branches and grows on the body of the tubers. After the land of digemburkan make the bed with a width of one meter long and adapted to the shape of the land. The height of the bed, 20-30 cm. When forming the beds, mix in compost or manure as fertilizer. Doses of fertilizer by as much as 15-20 tons per acre.
The number right adjust the level of soil fertility. Create an array on the surface of the bed to sow the seed. The distance between the bolt 20 cm with a depth of about 5 cm. Planting the seeds of carrot Planting the seeds of carrot cultivation can be done directly, without previous seeding stage. Carrot seed cultivation needs roughly 3-5 kg per hectare. Carrot seed is derived from the seeds, formed into small and tend to stay because it has fiber-like feathers on its surface. So, before you first rub sprinkled with Palm seeds from sticking together. Or, mix the ashes on the seeds. Sprinkle the seeds over the array and then cover with soil. If the soil is dry a little flush to maintain moisture. Carrot plants will grow after 10 days. Carrot plant maintenance Fertilizing plants after aftershocks were given one month. For cultivation of organic carrots, use compost or manure. It can also apply fertilizer biological organic fertilizer or liquid. Sown the seedbed surface of compost around plants. Dosage is 10-15 kg per hectare.
For the cultivation of non-organic carrots, use a mixture of urea and KCl in the ratio 2:1 up to 300 kg per hectare. Provision of fertilizer be sown in the shape of grooves in 5 cm from the base of the plant. In addition to doing well cultivating weeding and thinning plants. To be perfect tuber growth, adjust the thinning the plants so that the distance from one plant to another ranging from 5-10 cm. Pests and diseases The most common pest in carrot cultivation is the land of grubs and aphids. Caterpillar soil can be eradicated by finding nests, and then manually taken and destroyed. Do it in the morning. To prevent the onslaught of worms, remains always clean soil and siangi weed on a regular basis. When attacks raged, could use the pesticide furadan.
Aphids attack shoots by sucking the fluids and deform the leaves to curl. To control aphids do crop rotation so that the cycle of life is lost. Spraying can use insecticides. While often a carrot cultivation diseases attack the leaf spots and nodules. Leaf spots are caused by the fungus Cercospora. The disease attacks the old leaves, symptoms of brown spots bordered with black. Leaf spotting diseases can be controlled by selecting healthy seeds or seeds are treated with a solution of fungicide first. To reduce the risk of disease, leaf spots keep always clean the grounds. Nodules of the disease caused by the nematode. Symptoms of lumpy tuber shape abysmally. Prevention can be done with crop rotation. Twisted plants with other types of families. Spraying of chemical nematicides applied. How to harvest cultivation of carrots
Carrot cultivation agriculture has been available to harvest after 3 months, counting from the seed is planted. Harvest time should be properly handled. If the plant is too old to be hard texture of the tuber and bad taste. Harvesting is done by revoked. Then wash or clean the muck soil attached to tubers with clean water. Dipangkal stem tubers can be cut or left. Depending on the target market wants. Carrot cultivation is done can also produce 20-30 tonnes per hectare. Depending on the types and varieties of carrots planted.